The first asphalt road was built by French colonial in Hanoi is the road from the Opera House today cross the Trang Tien street, Trang Thi street, a stretch of road to Dien Bien Phu to Cua Nam street.
French colonists after appropriated the six provinces of South of Vietnam in the period from 1862 to 1867 was to begin plotting to conquer the country in which Hanoi is an important goal that they advance towards the the Northern of Vietnam. After signing a peace treaty in 1874 with the imperial court in Hue, the French colonialists forced to return to Hanoi and withdraw troops to South of Vietnam.
However, in preparation for an offensive North of Vietnam was second, one of the urgent issues they have to do is to fold a road wide enough strength for the transport of all military equipment, clothing, medicines, canned food supplies from the South, established entrepot store in the ancient citadel. Since then, they are fully equipped soldiers open military operations to suppress the uprisings in many parts of the North of Vietnam population are flock proclamation of Can Vuong-young patriots King Ham Nghi, calling people stood up to fight foreign invaders, reclaim country.
Asphalt path chosen location is convenient for transportation along the river because it is close to parks “naval base” – a region dyke in the Red River from the Opera House area to the 108 military Hospital today where French colonialists occupied the military started a bridge, welcoming the invaders from the South.
The first plastic road connecting Trang Thi and Trang Tien street, two famous streets of Hanoi at the time. Trang Tien street past a foundry money of Nguyen dynasty early 19th century, it is called exactly Truong Tien, the origin of the name Trang Tien. According to history data, in 1887 foundry money was break down, French government divided the land to build stores. So since then, Trang Tien became a bustling streets. Here then appears general Trang Tien store is now Trang Tien Plaza center.
Also known as Trang Thi because prefectual examination school located … The researchers Doan Ke Thien then: ” Examination school set from the Le dynasty. Candidates who pass this field is the Huong Cong and Sinh Do (as Bachelor and Baccalaureate). Usually on a Bachelor get three Baccalaureate. Someone pass Huong Cong then join PHD examination, which metropolitan examination and after court examination. To the court (Nguyen dynasty), the King also took to the prefectual examination selective talent people …. “
After the abolition of the old exam, Trang Thi was no longer a place of examinations of the scholars. French colonists had to build first asphalt streets in Hanoi in this technology for the road in Europe at the time. This method appeared in Europe in 1830 took the name from the inventor it is Mac Adam. Call the way to follow this method is Macadamce. This method includes asphalt overlays of the macadam road surface with the size stone and sand, compacted together by means of compression by road-roller. The source of labour used in road construction is entirely is forced labor of the French to our compatriots. Number of people were arrested during the French invaders sweeping in many parts of Hanoi to assign a “prisoner of war.” Or the original people of Hanoi for any cooperation with the French against the pair on the type they should be “common prisoners” or “convict.”
They must be excavated at the first gleam of daylight to completely dark: filled ponds, destroyed houses, trees, road alignment, leveling, ram earth, roller to push the car home in one time, very heavy iron wheels and hot asphalt. Guards are very bad bandits, always ready to down their head, back as rain rod, sticks bruised flesh . So the day was night, they were locked up in dungeons available in the court.
The road of tears and blood of our compatriots – the first plastic road in Hanoi was established in 1888. After King Dong Khanh pen down, close the seal “sell” land and people in Hanoi within the range 5 city gate for France, which is given to them directly by the rule of law in Hanoi. France Governor rule Hanoi, the Hanoi people called “civil protection” they have way more absorbent blood and tears of the people on this Ha Thanh land.
Today, the road from the Hanoi Opera House through the Trang Tien extended to Trang Thi street is one beautiful street in the center of Hanoi capital. Although it was born from a dark plot to invade of the French but it has become the close way of people live in the Hanoi capital.