Vietnam have many festivals in a year. This post introduce some special in this country:
1. New year festival (Tet Nguyen Dan)
One year, the Vietnamese have more holidays, Tet. But Tet Nguyen Dan (on the first of a lunar month) is the largest so on Tet Ca. This is the end of crops, all spare time relaxing fun, visit each other … and is also assigned at the time of the winter end-spring coming.
According to traditional customs in Vietnam, Tet Nguyen Dan is the first of the family. On afternoon of 30 day Tet, every home make to kowtow family ancestors and family spirit, express feelings drinking water, remember the source. In 3 days of Tet have 3 large meeting at home. The first is the “meeting” of the family spirit: First Art professor or professors – are the first vocational family are doing. Soil, – the land where the gods hold in their military and Kitchen god – as the spirit of the people cooking in the home.
Second is the “meeting” ancestors, grandparents … of the dead. People’s perception guide the dead soul is about the children on the occasion of Tet.
Third meeting of the people in the house. As a habit most sacred and sustainable, each year to Tet, though is where do … nearly everyone want and try to return to reunite with family.
2. New year Opening of summer (Tet khai ha)
According to the calculation of the past, on the first day of January response to chickens and second day – dogs, third day- pigs, 4th – goats, 5th – buffalo, 6th- horses, 7th – people, 8 th – rice. 8 days early every day brighter is regarded as belonging to the same day he was good all year. Therefore, on 7th, It’s identity that is believed the drain of people will have good luck and happiness.
The 7th ending Tet Nguyen Dan is also lower at the start of New Year Opening summer – opening on New Year happy to welcome the new spring.
3. Festival of January lunar calendar 15 (Tet Thuonng Nguyen)
Tet Thuong Nguyen (Tet Nguyen Tieu) on 15 of January of lunar calendar on the first full moon of the year. Tet is celebrated in most temples because this day is related Buddha. Idioms: “Buddha’s year-round with no equal 15th of January “comes from there. After passing the temple, people go home, worship ancestor and eating in anniversary.
4. Third lunar month’s third day’s festival (Han Thuc festival)
“Han Thuc” means cool food. This New Year, on 3rd of March (lunar calendar). History began from China. From Ly dynasty (1010 – 1225) we have more people enter this New Year and often do floating cake and glutinous rice dumpling filled with green bean paste in syrup replace for cool food.
5. Thanh Minh festival
“Thanh Minh in March
Ceremony clean and decorate the ancestral graves, Festival visit one’s relatives graves in spring”
“Thanh Minh” means pure of sun.It usually in March lunar year – Holidays algae become grave festival. Go visit the tomb, if you see the fluorescent dense grass, soil physically foot embankment for the full … then go to worship ancestor.
6. Doan Ngo festival
Tet Doan Ngo (Tet Doan Duong) on 5th of May (lunar calendar).
In Vietnam, Doan Ngo festival is “Year kill insects” – as in phase transfer season, disease easily arise. On this day, people have more time to coincide except prevention. Use Absinth leaves (a vietnamese traditional medicine), in which year then plait animal symbolic this year (Monkey Year – plait monkeys and called Hau Tu, in Tiger year – Plait Tiger called Ngai Ho …) hook up the house to expel demons. Later, when disease, which leaves identity as drugs. There going to pick drug leaves (motherwort, dew-berry, mortar mill, eugenia) the drinking in Horse hour.
7. Vietnamese all soul’s day(Tet Trung Nguyen)
Tet Trung Nguyen in July. People believe the old Buddhist books, there is considered today pardon for the dead ,show gratitude to one’s parents … often do so in the temple usually conduct an expiatory. On 15th in July (lunar calendar) have 2 festival day:
– The first: forgiveness of sins for all who died, many people called reinforces parties. Concept of common people that this is the soul wandering helpless, not in earthly family to worship or lost, or a being victim of a gross injustice …
– The second: Vu Lan festival, derived from stories Dai Muc Kieu Lien. Vu lan considered mass for the dead for parents in 7 generation, comes from the heart signal. In recent years, in Vu Lan festival has “Bong Hong Cai Ao” (rose install shirt ) show piety of children for parents.
Mid-Autumn Festival in 15th of August lunar calendar. Mid-Autumn Festival is for children but adults’re meeting people here, alcohol, drinking tea, watching the moon … Often people make the ceremony family ancestors on the daytime, I presented fruit, confectionery, tea for children playing, deal out, see moon, lantern parade in the night…
9. Kitchen God festival
Kitchen God festival on New Year December 23 lunar – the day we see it as “king kitchen” come to the Sun report the kitchen,work, behavior of the family in years.
According to legend, the old couple had two poor too, have to take leave. Later, the wife get married with rich husband. One day, burned votive paper outside, the wife see the man to solicit, see one ex-husband, the wife should be the heart, bring rice rice, money for ex-husband. New husband knew, he suspects his wife. Wife stabbed difficult, working in the kitchen fire suicide. The ex-husband is deeply attached to wife, jumping into the fire. New husband regrets, stabbed into the fire! The jade emperor see 3 righteousness people that bestow them “king kitchen. From area to worship the new “Kitchen God”. Today’s to market to 23 December lunar each year, each family usually bought two men hats, one woman hat and her three carp as “horse” (carp become dragon ) for Kitchen God to heaven. After worship in the kitchen, the burning helmet and 3 carp drop in ponds, lakes, rivers …